NLP – Neurolinguistic Programming: A Short Introduction

NLP, short for Neuro-Linguistic Programming, is a fascinating concept that can initially seem confusing. Let’s take a closer look at this approach.


This part of the name refers to the human nervous system and how it functions.


This aspect deals with our language. We express unconscious patterns through language and can also change them there.


This part shows how we can recognize and change learned behavioral, thinking, and emotional patterns (programs).

The Origins of NLP – Neurolinguistic Programming

NLP was developed in the late 1970s by Richard Bandler, a mathematician with degrees in philosophy and psychology, and John Grinder, a linguist and then Assistant Professor of Linguistics at UCSC. They studied people who were outstanding communicators and helped others make personal changes.

If you want to learn more about the theoretical principles and foundations of NLP, you can find more information below.

NLP Principles and Foundations

NLP is based on well-known and proven models of short-term therapy:

  • Gestalt therapy by Fritz Perls
  • Family therapy by Virginia Satir
  • Hypnosis therapy by Milton Erickson
  • Additional important contributions came from the cyberneticist Gregory Bateson

Ideas and Assumptions of NLP – Neurolinguistic Programming

  • People respond to their perception of reality, not reality itself. The menu is not the meal, the map is not the territory.
  • Resources lie within every person. Everyone already possesses all the abilities they need.
  • The intention behind every behavior is positive. Negative behavior will only be abandoned when something better is found.
  • People always make the best choice available to them. The positive value of an individual is fundamental, but the appropriateness of their behavior can be questioned.
  • Learn new possibilities, do not take any away. Choices enrich life. Find at least three ways to act in situations.
  • What I say is not important, but what you understand is.
  • In communication, there are no mistakes, only results and feedback.
  • Resistance is a result of the communicator’s inflexibility.
  • Communication always occurs on multiple levels.